Thursday, April 1, 2010

The Ha Thanh (Hanoi Citadel) poisoning plot

Hoa Lo Prison (Hanoi Hilton) - The Ha Thanh (Hanoi Citadel) poisoning plot This photograph is on display at the Hoa Lo Prison (Hanoi Hilton) in the exhibits section and shows those who were executed in the Ha Thanh or Hanoi Citadel (Vietnamese:Hà Thành đầu độc) poisoning plot which occurred in 1908 when a group of Vietnamese tirailleurs attempted to poison the entire French colonial army's garrison in the Citadel of Hanoi. According to the rebel plan, Vietnamese cooks were to neutralize the French garrison by poisoning their dinner foods while Vietnamese soldiers (Grade Indochinois) would attack and prevent French reinforcements from coming to the aid of the Hanoi Citadel.

On the evening of June 27, 1908, a group of Vietnamese cooks managed to mix datura poison with the food they had prepared for a dinner party. The poison immediately knocked out nearly 200 French troops but it did not kill them. However, one of the cooks later felt guilty and went to church for confession and the French priest reported the confession to government officials. The French general-in-charge in Hanoi immediately proclaimed martial law and ordered the arrest of plot leaders and plotters while Hoang Hoa Tham, waiting outside of the Citadel, realized the plot had failed and withdrew all of his troops.

In response to the plot, the French executed 13 plotters by guillotine and on July 8, 1908, another 24 death sentences were announced while the remaining rebels were sentenced to life or exiled.

As for Hoang Hoa Tham, the French authorities began to hunt him down and they attacked and defeated him in 11 major battles from January 29 through November 11, 1909 before finally surrounding him in Yen The. However, he still managed to flee and kept on fighting until he was assassinated in 1913.

The Hoa Lo Prison (Hanoi Hilton) guillotine

Under French rule, the Hoa Lo Prison (later known as the Hanoi Hilton) had two guillotines used for executions:

Guillotine: One of 2 guillotines that the French colonialist used to cut heads of revolutionary patriotic soldiers who were imprisoned in Hoa Lo prison: Nguyen Thai Hoc, Pho Duc Chinh (1930), Nguyen Duc Canh, Ho Ngoc Lan, Nguyen hoang Ton (1930-1932)

Nguyễn Thái Học (Hán tự: ; 1902–1930) was probably the most famous Vietnamese revolutionary executed by this guillotine. As the founding leader of the Viet Nam Quoc Dan Dang or the Vietnamese Nationalist Party, he was captured and executed by the French colonial authorities after the failure of the Yen Bai mutiny. Today, most cities in Vietnam have at least one street named in his honor.

 The Hoa Lo Prison (Hanoi Hilton) guillotine    The Hoa Lo Prison (Hanoi Hilton) guillotine

The Hoa Lo Prison (Hanoi Hilton) guillotine

The Hanoi Hilton (Hoa Lo Prison): The Pilots in Pajamas

This is the other video shown at the Hanoi Hilton, now the Hoa Lo Prison Museum, which shows the war from the point of view of the North Vietnamese:

* Visit the VietnamWarTravels Youtube page.

The Road to Hanoi Hilton (Hoa Lo Prison)

The Hanoi Hilton is now the Hoa Lo Prison Museum and this is one of two videos that show the war from the North Vietnamese point of view:

* Visit the VietnamWarTravels Youtube page.