Under French rule, the Hoa Lo Prison (later known as the Hanoi Hilton) had two guillotines used for executions:
Guillotine: One of 2 guillotines that the French colonialist used to cut heads of revolutionary patriotic soldiers who were imprisoned in Hoa Lo prison: Nguyen Thai Hoc, Pho Duc Chinh (1930), Nguyen Duc Canh, Ho Ngoc Lan, Nguyen hoang Ton (1930-1932)
Nguyễn Thái Học (Hán tự: 阮太學; 1902–1930) was probably the most famous Vietnamese revolutionary executed by this guillotine. As the founding leader of the Viet Nam Quoc Dan Dang or the Vietnamese Nationalist Party, he was captured and executed by the French colonial authorities after the failure of the Yen Bai mutiny. Today, most cities in Vietnam have at least one street named in his honor.